Eczema refers to conditions that make the skin burn and make it look red. It is a common condition with a fifth of the world population being affected by it at some point in their lives. In layman’s terms, it is a rash that keeps coming and going. Children who get it usually see it disappear as they grow older. Among all the forms of Eczema, the most seen of them is atopic dermatitis. This is usually caused due to factors not of the body. The reason known for it so far that it occurs because of the unusual response of the body to external factors. With the other kinds of Eczema, the skin becomes red when it reacts to things that irritate it and it makes on want to scratch and itch where it does. The condition cannot be cured but rather it can only be managed with treatment when it happens and by staying away from the things that cause Eczema.
Eczema, in all its different forms of occurrences, it manifests itself in red patches that itch and that are very dry. When scratched and aggravated, a rash appears at the spot of Eczema. It happens on all parts of the body. More often than not, it occurs on the neck, knees, elbows, ankles and face. Sometimes it looks extremely dry and very red and sometimes it becomes lumps and even starts to ooze at times. If scratched too much, the skin can very easily become as thick as leather –something that is medically called lichenification.
Since the source of Eczema are the things that set it off, let us see what we should stay away from if we have Eczema. These substances differ from person to person. For some people, its food, some sweat, some soap…certain chemicals, dust, fruit etc. Stress and respiratory health problems also can be easy triggers for Eczema.
Eczema is largely found among children but chronic cases are usually in adults and children. The ones with chronic cases in later stages in life usually have it because it is a genetic problem. It will have been passed down from the parents. Asthma and allergic rhinitis are also conditions that go hand in hand with Eczema. If a child is born with excema and it does not go by the time he or she is 15 years age, it remains to stay in some form of the other.
Since it is a incurable disease, it can best be managed and controlled. To do that, there are a few things that you can do. Moisturize your skin well. Avoid the substances that trigger your eczema. Avoid situations that cause you to be stressful. Any substance that is rough and harsh like certain clothing material. Things in nature (environmental triggers of exema) like dust, pollutants etc – keep away from them when you can. Try not to sweat when you can. In case there are not avoidable, have medication at hand.