When blood begins to pool in a person’s body, and more particularly in the legs and it causes changes to the skin which is due to not enough of venous return, the condition is known as stasis dermatitis and a very usual cause of this condition is a person having varicose veins that can even result in it being called varicose eczema as an alternative name for the same condition. Furthermore, when the patient does not have enough venous return, it causes more pressure being exerted in the capillaries that in turn causes fluids and also cells to leak from the capillaries which in turn results in the breaking down of red cells and thus stasis dermatitis occurs.
Skin Turns Brown
When a person suffers from stasis dermatitis, his or her skin may turn brown and it will generally weaken while also ulcerating in some parts, and when cracks as well as skin that is in poor condition allow bacterial infections to occur it will result in cellulitis infections spreading in the leg, and if such condition worsens, then it is possible for venous ulcers to form.
No doubt, stasis dermatitis is not as prevalent in the US as skin cancer, and dermatophytosis or even xerosis; nevertheless, stasis dermatitis does affect quite a few of the entire population of the United States, and according to studies conducted on its prevalence, it has been found that as many as six to seven percent of patients that have attained fifty years are affected, which is not something that can be treated lightly since.
It does translate into fifteen to twenty million patients, though there are no statistics available whether such a disease also leads to mortality or morbidity. As far as genders are concerned, it seems that stasis dermatitis does affect women a bit more than men which could be attributed to pregnancy that causes more stress on a woman’s lower-extremity venous system.
People will be more at risk of developing this disease as each decade in their life passes, and in the case of those that have progressed beyond seventy years of age, it has been seen that as many as twenty percent more cases of stasis dermatitis would be likely to occur.
It has also been found that blood tests don’t generally help in managing stasis dermatitis except when a patient is suspected of having cellulitis as well as sepsis or if just one of the two conditions is occurring. The best means of treating the condition is through compression therapy, topical therapy, and prevention/management of the infection.